ealthcare is a very important part of our society and it is imperative for healthcare providers to offer their
services in an efficient and effective manner. Each day hundreds of thousands of patients enter healthcare
facilities challenging the administration to run their operations smoothly. The employees have to manage and
integrate clinical, financial and operational information that grows with the practice. Previously, this data
was organized manually, which was time consuming and failed to deliver the desired level of efficiency.
Hospital administration and patient care have become increasingly challenging with the number of hospitals and
patients are ever increasing. Out of this need, a new field called "health informatics" is born to tackle
some of the complex challenges in delivering good healthcare. Health informatics is about getting the right
information to the right people at the right time. Hospital Information Systems (HIS) and
Electronic Health Records (EHR), sometimes referred to as Electronic Medical Records (EMR),
are the main components of health informatics.
Healthcare providers can overcome the business and technology challenges to effectively share patient information
in an integrated care paradigm only with a consistent strategy and a thorough implementation approach
HIS is primarily focused on the administration needs of hospitals. It is a comprehensive,
integrated information system designed to manage all the aspects of a hospital's operation, such as medical,
administrative, financial, and legal issues and the corresponding processing of services. A good HIS offers
numerous benefits to a hospital including but not limited to the delivery of quality patient care and better
financial management. The HIS should also be patient centric, medical staff centric, affordable and scalable.
The technology changes quickly and if the system is not flexible it will not be able to accommodate hospital growth.
HIS collects, processes, and retrieves patient care and administrative information ensuring better ROI and delivery
of service. If the hospital authorities have more relevant information they can make better decisions.
HIS has four different subsystems: Physician Information System (PIS),
Radiology Information System (RIS), Pharmacy Information System (RxIS) and
Nursing Information System (NIS). Each of these subsystems help manage different functions of
The success of a connected healthcare atmosphere lies in the ability to give access to healthcare data to clinicians
at the point-of-care, including the patient's homes. Without the productivity and
efficiency improvements, and the cost savings that the health sector desperately need, it will not be in a position
to control healthcare spending, and continue to deliver improved patient outcomes.
EMR/EHR is a systematic collection of electronic health information about an individual patient or
population. It is a record in digital format that is capable of being shared across different health care settings.
In some cases this sharing can occur by way of network-connected, enterprise-wide information systems and other information
networks or exchanges. EHRs may include a range of data, including demographics, medical history, medication and allergies,
immunization status, laboratory test results, radiology images, vital signs, personal statistics like age and weight, and
billing information. The system is designed to represent data that accurately captures the state of the patient at all times.
It allows for an entire patient history to be viewed without the need to track down the patient's previous medical record
volume and assists in ensuring data is accurate, appropriate and legible. It reduces the chances of data replication as there
is only one modifiable file, which means the file is constantly up to date when viewed at a later date and eliminates the issue
of lost forms or paperwork. Due to all the information being in a single file, it makes it much more effective when extracting
medical data for the examination of possible trends and long term changes in the patient.
There are a number of advantages both HIS and EHR can offer healthcare providers.
Hospital Information System
HIS provides the following advantages:
- Centralize all data regarding hospital management
- Access to up-to-date medical history of patients
- View the treatment being provided to any specific patient and his medical history
- Increase security of patient information and all sensitive data
- Increase collaboration between various specialists within your network
- Manage scheduling of doctors, nurses and administrative staff
- Prepare various types of reports for accounting, billing and auditing
- Improve patient satisfaction by 'personalizing' your services
- Improve patient loyalty by offering unmatched services
- Eliminate any accidental diagnostic and prescription errors
- Decrease hospital risk exposure with provided audit tools
- Improve efficiency in managing your hospital beds, labs, diagnostic centers and other facilities
- Automate different patient care workflows and improve traceability
- Enhance community participation with your hospital social network
- Improve the integration with medical insurance providers
- Improve compliance and governance
Electronic Health/Medical Record
EHR/EMR provides the following advantages:
- Providing accurate, up-to-date, and complete information about patients at the point of care
- Enabling quick access to patient records for more coordinated, efficient care
- Securely sharing electronic information with patients and other clinicians
- Helping providers more effectively diagnose patients, reduce medical errors, and provide safer care
- Improving patient and provider interaction and communication, as well as health care convenience
- Enabling safer, more reliable prescribing
- Helping promote legible, complete documentation and accurate, streamlined coding and billing
- Enhancing privacy and security of patient data
- Helping providers improve productivity and work-life balance
- Enabling providers to improve efficiency and meet their business goals
- Reducing costs through decreased paperwork, improved safety, reduced duplication of testing, and improved health.